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English Corner

Wartburg Castle
Satzvey Castle
Eltz Castle
Heidelberg Castle
Mylau Castle
Altena Castle
Reichsburg Cochem
Rheinfels Castle
Marburg Castle

Burg Satzvey. Foto: Zoko van Dijk

"Have any special collections had experience with a commercial publisher
of digital products that disbinds your rare books for ease of scanning
them? A large special collection which contracted with a well-known
vendor of digital library products has had a number of its rare
sammelbände disbound during the scanning process. The vendor has also
suggested to the library's director that the vendor should be allowed to
disbind the library's 17th through 19th-century manuscripts to make them
easier (and presumably cheaper) to scan. In this day of improved
technology such as the Zeutschel and other book scanners, is it ever
really necessary to break a book in order to capture page images? (These
volumes sewn normally, not stab sewn or stapled). If such destruction is
not necessary, how do you communicate this to library administrators who
think they're getting a terrific deal because the publisher is paying
for the content?" (EXLIBRIS-L)

"One of the the world’s foremost academic resources, London’s Warburg Institute Library, is under threat, 80 years after being saved from the Nazis. Martin Kemp argues vehemently for its survival."

See also

"If you’re a fan of photo-and-knowledge-sharing community Fotopedia, you’ve likely heard that the site is closing this Sunday, August 10. When Creative Commons heard the news, we contacted Fotopedia to ask if there were some way that we could help save all of the Creative Commons–licensed photos on the site. Now, we’re working together with the staff at Fotopedia to create a new archive of all of that content. At the same time, our friends at Archive Team are creating a copy of the entire Fotopedia website."

Trung Dangy / CC BY-NC-SA

When I was researching this book in the early 1990s, I had to guess where I was likely to find published references to "heterosexual". But in the eleven years since 'Invention' was published, we've witnessed the spectacular advance of electronic database indexing, and the new availability of searchable texts of entire books, articles, and the full run of Major newspapers and periodicals, some going back to the nineteenth century and earlier. These now make possible many new, enlightening, and entertaining studies of what has been said in the mass media and academia about the "heterosexual", "heterosexuals", and "heterosexuality". Just try a search, be amused, be amazed, and let bloom a thousand term papers, theses, scholarly articles, and books!
(Jonathan Katz, The Invention of Heterosexuality: with a new preface, University of Chicago Press 2007 (1995), Preface 2006,

In the first chapter of this fascinating book, The Genealogy of a Sex Concept, Katz writes:

"A year earlier [1975], historian Carroll Smith-Rosenberg had published a path-breaking article on nineteenth-century American women's intense, eros-filled friendships, "The Female World of Love and Ritual". To understand those intimacies, she suggested, we need to go beyond the either/or, heterosexual/homosexual Division, and embrace the idea of a "continuum" of such relations. (...) With others, I was beginning to sense the distorting effect of employing the heterosexual/homosexual distinction in retrospective historical analysis. (...)

... If we have trouble imagining a world without heterosexuals or homosexuals, a historical perspective is useful. The term "homosexual" was only invented in 1869 [the year's now been moved back to '68]. The first use of "heterosexual" listed in the Oxford English Dictionary Supplement dates to 1901. [The most recent Oxford English Dictionary Supplement takes the date back to 1892, and "heterosexual" has also been traced to 1868.
The terms heterosexual and homosexual apparently came into common use only in the first quarter of this century; before that time, if words are clues to concepts, People did not conceive of a social universe polarized into heteros and homos."

By 1981, I had heard a young feminist historian and friend, Lisa Duggan, read a draft of a paper on women, American society in the 1920s, and "the social enforcement of heterosexuality". A few days later Duggans phrase set off in my head a flash of Illumination ... : "Heterosexuality wasn't only 'enforced', it was invented.' "

... and, in retrospective, again from the 2006 preface:

"My revised judgement about the role of words in the creation of "heterosexuality" and "homosexuality", is that those specific, historical phenomena did not exist, and could not have existed as such, before the words "heterosexual" and "homosexual" (and associated ideas) were available to describe them. (...) Actually, influenced and inspired by Karl Marx, I think that words, ideas, and ideals (like "heterosexual") are among our major means of production. Our struggle over the ownership, control, and shaping of those means is key to the future of heterosexuality, the other existing sexualities, and the new sexualities to come."

"Folgerpedia is an infinitely updateable, constantly growing encyclopedia of all things Folger and of interest to the Folger community. The wiki platform (MediaWiki, the same platform as Wikipedia) allows for collaborative generation of information surrounding our collection, Library, institution, programming, education initiatives, and the literature, culture, and history of early modern England and Shakespeare. "

Without images (?!).


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